Renowned physicist terms artificial intelligence chatbots a 'glorified tape recorder'
by Web Desk | The International News

Photo by Jonathan Kemper on Unsplash

Renowned theoretical physicist Michio Kaku has challenged apprehensions surrounding new AI technology, characterizing it as a "glorified tape recorder."

In an enlightening interview, Kaku shared his perspective on the potential of chatbots, exemplified by OpenAI's ChatGPT, to be a positive force in society, bolstering productivity and understanding.

Kaku pinpointed the root of widespread unease, attributing it to chatbots' capacity to curate content from online sources, assembling human-generated fragments into responses that might be mistakenly perceived as original. While the phenomenon can lead to chatbots producing human-like outputs, Kaku was keen to highlight the crucial distinction: these programs lack the ability to independently discern truth from falsehood, relying on human guidance for validation.

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Exploring the Intriguing Robotics Technology Behind Self-Driving Cars
By Hillary | TechBullion

Photo by Erik Mclean on Unsplash

Welcome to the forefront of transportation innovation! Self-driving cars have swiftly become a captivating marvel of our era, revolutionizing our perception of commuting and road navigation. But have you ever pondered the technology powering their sleek exteriors? Today, we plunge into the captivating domain of robotics technology propelling these autonomous vehicles, unveiling the intricate systems and algorithms that empower them to navigate, make real-time decisions, and ensure safe journeys. Join us as we embark on an enthralling expedition through the realm where state-of-the-art robotics converges with driving expertise!

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Why Every Company Should Be Thinking About Artificial Intelligence
BY ROY DEKEL | Entreperneur

Photo by Adi Goldstein on Unsplash

A few years ago, I was attending a business conference and had an interesting conversation with a fellow business leader. We were discussing what we do and the challenges we faced. What stuck with me was her comment on artificial intelligence (AI): "You either embrace it or get left behind."

Her words stayed with me, and as I delved deeper into the topic, I realized how crucial it was for every company to incorporate AI into their strategies. No, really. Embracing AI is no longer an option but a necessity for companies looking to thrive and succeed in the digital age.

And as CEOs and business leaders, we have the responsibility to stay ahead of the curve and identify opportunities that can propel our companies to new heights. Today, I want to urge you to join the AI revolution and explore the untapped potential that AI has to offer your business.

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🌙 NASA - Best Photo from Last Week
Webb Reveals Colors of Earendel, Most Distant Star Ever Detected

This image from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope of a massive galaxy cluster called WHL0137-08 contains the most strongly magnified galaxy known in the universe’s first billion years: the Sunrise Arc, and within that galaxy, the most distant star ever detected. In this image, the Sunrise Arc appears as a red streak just below the diffraction spike at the 5 o’clock position.Credits: Image: NASA, ESA, CSA, D. Coe (STScI/AURA for ESA; Johns Hopkins University), B. Welch (NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center; University of Maryland, College Park). Image processing: Z. Levay.Download the full-resolution, uncompressed version from the Space Telescope Science Institute.

NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has followed up on observations by the Hubble Space Telescope of the farthest star ever detected in the very distant universe, within the first billion years after the big bang. Webb’s NIRCam (Near-Infrared Camera) instrument reveals the star to be a massive B-type star more than twice as hot as our Sun, and about a million times more luminous.

The star, which the research team has dubbed Earendel, is located in the Sunrise Arc galaxy and is detectable only due to the combined power of human technology and nature via an effect called gravitational lensing. Both Hubble and Webb were able to detect Earendel due to its lucky alignment behind a wrinkle in space-time created by the massive galaxy cluster WHL0137-08. The galaxy cluster, located between us and Earendel, is so massive that it warps the fabric of space itself, which produces a magnifying effect, allowing astronomers to look through the cluster like a magnifying glass.

While other features in the galaxy appear multiple times due to the gravitational lensing, Earendel only appears as a single point of light even in Webb’s high-resolution infrared imaging. Based on this, astronomers determine the object is magnified by a factor of at least 4,000, and thus is extremely small – the most distant star ever detected, observed 1 billion years after the big bang. The previous record-holder for the most distant star was detected by Hubble and observed around 4 billion years after the big bang. Another research team using Webb recently identified a gravitationally lensed star they nicknamed Quyllur, a red giant star observed 3 billion years after the big bang.

Stars as massive as Earendel often have companions. Astronomers did not expect Webb to reveal any companions of Earendel since they would be so close together and indistinguishable on the sky. However, based solely on the colors of Earendel, astronomers think they see hints of a cooler, redder companion star. This light has been stretched by the expansion of the universe to wavelengths longer than Hubble’s instruments can detect, and so was only detectable with Webb.

Webb’s NIRCam (Near-Infrared Camera) instrument reveals the star, nicknamed Earendel, to be a massive B-type star more than twice as hot as our Sun, and about a million times more luminous.Credits: Image: NASA, ESA, CSA, D. Coe (STScI/AURA for ESA; Johns Hopkins University), B. Welch (NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center; University of Maryland, College Park). Image processing: Z. Levay.Download the full-resolution, uncompressed version from the Space Telescope Science Institute.

Webb’s NIRCam also shows other notable details in the Sunrise Arc, which is the most highly magnified galaxy yet detected in the universe’s first billion years. Features include both young star-forming regions and older established star clusters as small as 10 light-years across. On either side of the wrinkle of maximum magnification, which runs right through Earendel, these features are mirrored by the distortion of the gravitational lens. The region forming stars appears elongated, and is estimated to be less than 5 million years old. Smaller dots on either side of Earendel are two images of one older, more established star cluster, estimated to be at least 10 million years old. Astronomers determined this star cluster is gravitationally bound and likely to persist until the present day. This shows us how the globular clusters in our own Milky Way might have looked when they formed 13 billion years ago.

Astronomers are currently analyzing data from Webb’s NIRSpec (Near-Infrared Spectrograph) instrument observations of the Sunrise Arc galaxy and Earendel, which will provide precise composition and distance measurements for the galaxy.

Since Hubble’s discovery of Earendel, Webb has detected other very distant stars using this technique, though none quite as far as Earendel. The discoveries have opened a new realm of the universe to stellar physics, and new subject matter to scientists studying the early universe, where once galaxies were the smallest detectable cosmic objects. The research team has cautious hope that this could be a step toward the eventual detection of one of the very first generation of stars, composed only of the raw ingredients of the universe created in the big bang – hydrogen and helium.

The James Webb Space Telescope is the world’s premier space science observatory. Webb is solving mysteries in our solar system, looking beyond to distant worlds around other stars, and probing the mysterious structures and origins of our universe and our place in it. Webb is an international program led by NASA with its partners, ESA (European Space Agency) and the Canadian Space Agency.

Media Contacts:

Laura Betz
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md.

Christine Pulliam / Leah Ramsay
Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, Md. /

Last Updated: Aug 9, 2023
Editor: Isabelle Yan

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